Geographic location plays a vital role while opting for a correct choice between solar and wind energy solutions, since both are renewable sources of energy and depend on the availability of natural resources (sunlight and wind respectively).
For geographic locations with ample sunlight and wind, the right choice would depend on the density of population and the cost of infrastructure deployment.
Solar energy solutions are best suited for geographic locations having abundant exposure to sunlight. Though solar energy cannot be generated at night, abundant exposure to sunlight during day time helps to store the generated energy which can be used when there is insufficient or no sunlight (for example, during winter in Alaska).
Solar energy solutions are less intrusive to environment and hence are easy to deploy in densely populated locations where houses are very close to each other. However, the infrastructure deployment cost is quite high. Also, solar energy solutions are not reliable for geographic locations that have poor exposure to sunlight.
Wind energy solutions are best applicable in geographic locations where the blow of wind can continuously rotate the turbine so as to generate energy (for example, Western and Mid-Western states).
Unlike solar energy solutions, wind energy solutions can generate energy at night as well, provided there is enough blow of wind. Wine energy solutions are not well suited for locations where the blow of wind is not high enough to rotate the turbines.
Though wind energy solutions are cheaper to deploy, the complexity of deployment is quite high since more amount of open space is required to safely rotate the turbines. Hence, wind energy solutions are not well suited for geographic locations which are densely populated.
Another important factor that hinders a consumer’s choice is Building Codes and Regulations. Few renewable energy solutions are easy to implement when it comes to passing these regulations.
For example, implementing solar energy solutions as per Building Codes and Regulations in densely populated location is far simpler than implementing wind energy solutions because the latter is more intrusive to environment.
However, the consumer must make a correct choice based on the information obtained from local Building Code Office and experienced renewable energy solution providers.
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